Logical Fallacies

Logical Fallacies

The Fallacy bifurcation

This is a subcategory of the Fallacies of Presumptions. It is also known as the “false dilemma” and “the either-or-fallacy”. The fallacy is committed when two propositions are presented as if they were mutually exclusive and the only two possibilities, when in fact they are not. It could be that other options exist or that both are true. For example:“Either you live by faith, or you are a...

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The Fallacy of Irrelevant Thesis

The straw-man argument can be considered a sub-class of the Irrelevant Thesis. This is when someone attempts to prove a conclusion that is not at issue. For example the evolutionist may say “Why is the universe ideally suited for life? Because otherwise we wouldn’t be here to observe it”. It is true that if the universe were not suited for life we wouldn’t be here to observe it but this does not...

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The Fallacy of Mob Appeal

This is an attempt to persuade people (usually a large group of people) by using powerful feelings, rather than logic. For example an evolutionist may say “I say we don’t need God to know right from wrong. You have every right to follow your own standard! Don’t let others tell you what to do. It is your right to think for yourself!”. This is logically absurd and...

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Faulty Appeal to Fear

This is a subcategory for the general fallacy of faulty appeal. This is when someone argues for a position on the basis that harm will come to you if you are not convinced. Evolutionists try to raise fear by claiming that creationists will not teach physics correctly such as the theory of gravity and all other empirically proven...

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The Straw-Man fallacy

This can be considered a subclass of the Irrelevant Thesis fallacy. This is when a person misrepresents the position of his opponent, and then argues against this counterfeit (“straw man”) position. Usually an evolutionist would claim that a creationist will not teach or accept science when in fact creationist simply reject that evolution is a scientifically supported...

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The Fallacy of Ambiguity

Fallacies of ambiguity are arguments that are faulty because they use words or phrases that are unclear or have more than one meaning. The following are the six common fallacies under this category: Equivocation Amphiboly Accent Reification Composition Division We only cover the one that is usually committed in apologetics: Equivocation...

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